Urumqi City is the capital of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, referred to as Urban, and is the center of politics, economy, culture, and science and technology across Xinjiang. It is located in the northern part of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, the northern foot of Tianshan, and the southern edge of the Junggar Basin, the west and east with the Changji Hui Autonomous Prefecture, the south is adjacent to the Bayin Guo Leng Mongolian Autonomous Prefecture, and the southeast and the Turpan area. The total area is 10900.77 square kilometers. The resident population is 2.332 million (at the end of 2005).
The city introduction New Xinjiang has one -sixth of China's land. Urumqi is the capital of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, China, the center of politics, economy, and culture in Xinjiang. It is the bridgehead of the Bridge of the New Eurasia Mainland, which is located in the Geographical Center of the Asian continent. The total area of the administrative division is 12,000 square kilometers, of which 235.9 square kilometers of urban construction areas. The city's total population is 2.35 million, of which more than 90%of the urban population. Seven districts and one county under the jurisdiction, two national development zones and an export processing area. In 2008, the national economy maintained a steady and rapid growth, and the total economic volume jumped more than 100 billion yuan. The regional GDP (GDP) of the region (GDP) throughout the year was 102 billion yuan. Based on comparable prices, it increased by 15%over the previous year. It has maintained double -digit growth for 6 consecutive years. Among them, the value -added of the first industry was 1.8 billion yuan, an increase of 8%; the added value of the second industry was 42.5 billion yuan, an increase of 17.3%; the increase value of the tertiary industry was 57.7 billion yuan, an increase of 13.8%. The three industries have stimulated economic growth of 0.15, 6.55 and 8.30 percentage points. The proportion of the three industrial structures is 1.75: 41.7: 56.55, of which the proportion of the secondary industry in the regional GDP has increased by 3.11 percentage points. The capital of Yaxin, Urumqi The local fiscal revenue was 13.112 billion yuan, an increase of 36.87%over the previous year. Among them, the general budget revenue of local fiscal fiscal fiscal was 1,098 billion yuan, an increase of 37.53%. The total investment in fixed assets in the whole society was 36.6 billion yuan, an increase of 18%over the previous year. The added value of industries above designated size was 31.8 billion yuan, an increase of 17.95%. The total retail sales of social consumer goods throughout the year were 41.864 billion yuan, an increase of 25.94%over the previous year, a new high in 12 years. The total foreign trade import and export volume was US $ 5.28 billion (customs caliber), an increase of 38.6%over the previous year. Among them, the total imports were US $ 424 million, an increase of 31.3%; the total export volume was 4.804 billion US dollars, an increase of 39.3%. In 2008, the city received 8.72 million people at home and abroad (including one -day tour), an increase of 3.59%over the previous year; the total tourism revenue was 7.017 billion yuan. By the end of 2008, the city's household registration population was 2.3605 million, of which 637,100 ethnic minorities had a population of 637,100. The population was 19,600 years old, and the population birth rate was 8.39 ‰; the death population was 6,748, and the population mortality rate was 2.89 ‰; the natural growth rate was 5.50 ‰. By the end of 2009, the city's population was 2.5068 million. The income level of urban and rural residents has continued to increase. According to sampling survey data, in 2008, the per capita disposable income of urban residents was 12328 yuan, an increase of 8.4%; the per capita net income of farmers and herdsmen exceeded 6,000 yuan, reaching 6116 yuan, an increase of 8%. Among the 12 capitals and capital cities in western China, the comprehensive competitive strength is at the forefront and is known as the "Pearl of Western China". The culture is unique . Xinjiang was known as the Western Regions in ancient times. In history, Urumqi is the heavy town on the New North Road of the ancient Silk Road. Black and progressive forge, are the most dynamic cities in Central Asia. Urumqi lives in 47 ethnic groups such as Han, Uygur, Kazakh, Hui, Mongolia, and the culture, art, style and customs of various ethnic groups, forming a tourist and cultural landscape with strong national characteristics. Ethnic cultural activities such as Wazi Performance, Alken Playing, and the people of all ethnic groups who can sing and dance, and passionate hospitality are quite attractive to tourists in foreign countries. Natural resources are very rich. There are quasi -east oil fields in the north of Urumqi, Karamay Oilfield in the west, Tarim Oilfield in the south, Tuha Oilfield in the east, and located in the central part of Junggar Coal Belt. Coal boats on oil sea ". In addition, it also contains a variety of colored and rare mineral resources. Tianshan glaciers and permanent snow in the territory are called "natural solid reservoirs". There are lush natural forests and natural pastures in the mountains, and more than 300 wild plants are available. Light, thermal and wind energy resources are also extremely rich, with the largest wind power plant in Asia. These natural resources have laid a solid foundation for Urumqi's economic development. The location advantage of this paragraph is obvious . Urumqi is a land transportation hub connecting Central Asia and even Europe. It has now become an important window for China to open up westward and develop foreign economic and cultural exchanges. Among the four major geographical elements of the coast, along the edge, along the river, and along the line, Urumqi has both the benefits of the edge and the benefits of the along the line. This is Xinjiang and the largest geographical advantage in Urumqi in the western development Essence Especially with the entire line of the Bridge of the New Asia -Europe Continental, Urumqi, as the West Bridge Castle of the New Asia -Europe Bridge, has become increasingly its status and role in the economic development in western China and even Central Asia. Urumqi Airport is one of the five gateway airports in China, and has opened more than 100 international, domestic and district routes. Urumqi Railway Station is the general hub of the Xinjiang Railway, and it is also an important passenger and cargo distribution center in China and Central Asia. It has more than 20 pairs of international and domestic trains. Highways and urban roads are in all directions, forming a traffic network that connects inside and outside and runs through north and south. Urumqi has a modern communication method at an international level. All of this built a modern three -dimensional "Silk Road", which set up a golden bridge for Urumqi to the world. The market potential in this paragraph is large . Urumqi is adjacent to Central Asian countries, and has been an important hub to communicate east -west business since ancient times. If we take Urumqi as the center of the center with a radius of 1500 kilometers. Within about 7 million square kilometers, Urumqi is the city with the largest size, the most population, the strongest market potential, and the best environment. effect. Xinjiang borders the land in the surrounding 8 countries. It has 17 types of ports and 10 second -level ports. Urumqi is not only the largest commodity distribution center in Xinjiang, but also an important import and export trade distribution center in Central Asia. Important platforms in the Central Asian market. At present, Urumqi has built nearly 200 various commodity trading markets relying on eight countries around the surrounding areas. Among them, there are 32 annual transactions exceeding 100 million yuan, 10 billion yuan. The multi -level and multi -channel trade network has become the forefront of the forefront of opening up to the outside world in western China. In 2006, the total import and export trade was 4.5 billion US dollars, an increase of 15%. The development of this paragraph of tourism . Urumqi has a beautiful natural scenery. The Tianshan Mountains are distributed in high mountains and snow landscapes, mountain forest landscapes, and grassland landscapes. It provides rich content for tourists to sightseeing and adventure. The culture and arts and customs of various nations constitute a tourist and cultural landscape with national characteristics. Xinjiang International Bazaar, Xinjiang Min Street, Erdaoqiao National Style Street, etc. with a strong scenic spot with a strong folk customs of Xinjiang, are well -known at home and abroad. Silk Road ice and snow style tour, the Silk Road Clothing and Clothing Festival and other festivals and exhibition activities with the cultural characteristics of the Silk Road has become a unique city card for Urumqi. In recent years, tens of millions of Chinese and foreign tourists have visited Urumqi for sightseeing. In 2006, the city received 7.8 million domestic and foreign tourists, an increase of 11.75%; the total tourism and shopping revenue was 7.618 billion yuan, an increase of 12.86%. Urumqi has become an important tourist distribution center and destination of Xinjiang. The industrial structure in this paragraph is more reasonable . Urumqi's tertiary industry (circulation service industry) is relatively developed, accounting for 61.5%of GDP. Urumqi has more than 100 star hotels, more than 60 Samsung or above, 10 five -star hotels in Urumqi, with a complete service industry and complete infrastructure, creating a good investment cooperation environment for customers around the world; with a sound business and trade The circulation system, the import and export trade is relatively developed, accounting for more than 50%of the import and export volume of Xinjiang; primary and secondary schools, colleges and universities, hospitals, and scientific research institutions are more concentrated, and the talent team is relatively sound. At present, Urumqi has formed ten major industrial clusters such as petrochemical, metallurgy, textile, machinery, machinery, high -tech, building materials, pharmaceuticals, food, furniture, and clothing. In the same industry in the industry, it has become the pillar of the second industry. The proportion of the second industry in the city's GDP is 37%. The proportion of the first industry in the city's GDP is very small, only 1.5%. However, modern agriculture, sightseeing agriculture, and efficient agriculture are our goal of our efforts. Im editor has policy advantages . In recent years, with the in -depth implementation of the national western development strategy, especially for the development and construction of Xinjiang, a series of preferential policies have been introduced. The national support to Xinjiang's economic development is no less than the development of the development of the southeast coast of China in the early 1980s. These policies have strongly supported Urumqi to accelerate development. At the same time, we have always been committed to the construction of development zones and industrial parks, and have many years of experience in park construction. They have successively built two national development zones (Urumqi Economic and Technological Development Zone, Urumqi High -tech Industrial Development Zone) and an export processing zone (undertaking to undertake Important industrial parks of export -oriented industries), and are building the Midong Industrial Park under the Economic Integrated Economic Integrated Economic Integrated Frame of Tutunhe Industrial Park, Shuimi Gougang Pioneer Park and Urumqi and Xinjiang Changji Hui Autonomous Prefecture. Wuchang's economic integration construction is a new attempt in our regional economic cooperation. It has a profound impact on the sharing of resources in Wuchang regional intervals, complementary advantages, and strong combination of strong strengths. The construction of the development zone and industrial parks and the gradual advancement of Urumqi and our neighbor Changji State's economic integration process will definitely make Urumqi one of the most important manufacturing bases in western China. We will also make good use of the two major international and domestic markets, focus on building Xinjiang's largest export processing trade bases for surrounding countries and Central Asia International Logistics Port, and strive to build a good cooperation and exchange platform for the joint development of the Central Asian region to make full use of China Central China. Bridge in the Asian region. Our development goal is to build Urumqi into a modern international business city for Central Asia. To this end, we will work unremitting efforts to build a group of five major logistics centers for Central Asia and build a group of business markets that have a radiation role in Central Asia, and continuously improve the service industries such as finance, intermediary, and information consulting. In the new century, Urumqi will closely seize the historical opportunities of the country's implementation of the western development, and strive to build Urumqi into a regional commodity transaction distribution center, financial center, transportation storage center and modern information in western China and Central Asia. Service Consultation Center. [Geographical location] Urumqi is located in the hinterland of Asia-Europe, located in the northern foot of the North Tianshan Mountains and the southern edge of the Junggar Basin. Area: The city's area is adjusted by 14,216 square kilometers after the new area is adjusted, and the construction area is 261.88 square kilometers. 680 meters to 920 meters above sea level. Natural slope 12 ‰ ～ 15 ‰. It is located in the combination of the Tianshan Mountains and the east section of the north of Tianshan Shan Shan Shanxi. The east, south, and west are surrounded by mountains, the southeast is high, and the northwest is low. The average altitude of 680-920 meters is 800 meters above sea level. There are water systems such as the Urumqi River, the Totun River, the Baiyang River, and the Chaiwaobao Lake. Urumqi is located in central Xinjiang, located in the northern foot of Tianshan and southern margin of Junggar Basin. The east of the jurisdiction is to borders Turpan city along the front line of Chak Mark Tag to Dahe; the west is bounded by Totou Tun River and Changji City; Weiro Locke -Aragou is connected to Tocoson County east. It is connected to He Shuo County in the south of Xiaze Geliers; the southwest is adjacent to Hejing County; the north along the Bogda ridge and Jimosar County, Fukang City, and Miquan City are divided into boundary. The northernmost point of Urumqi City is 3.5 kilometers from Wujiaqu Town in the lower reaches of the Toutun River. The southernmost point is to reach the ridge of the south of Alagou to the south of the Natsuma. Inside the Shi Kiloko Aikougou on the east side of Yazi Ranch, the west is the most in the Tiange Ridge on Shengda Basin, with a maximum of about 190 kilometers. Geographical coordinates: east longitude of 86 ° 3733 "-88 ° 5824", 42 ° 4532 "-44 ° 0800" north latitude. The total area is 11793.71 square kilometers, and the urban planning control area is 1,600 square kilometers. In 1997, the urban construction area was 82.5 square kilometers. [Localform] Urumqi terrain is very disparate, and the mountain area is vast. The south and northeast are high, and the central and northern parts are low. The highest point of Tianshan Pogda Peak is 5445 meters above sea level; the lowest is on the south side of the Dalu on the Mengjin Reservoir, with an altitude of 490.6 meters. The level of the two places is 75 kilometers and a height difference is 4954.4 meters. The mountain area accounts for more than 50% of the total area, the northern seduce plain is less than 1/10 of the total area, and the average altitude of the urban area is 800 meters. Urumqi is surrounded by mountains on three sides, and the northern plains are wide. There are Boda Mountains, Kalatag Mountain, and East Mountain in the east; there are Karaza Mountains and West Mountains in the west; in the south, there are Yilianhabil's Shandong section (Tiange Mountain), Tuga Basaba Tag, etc. The terrain of the jurisdiction decreases from southeast to northwest, and is roughly divided into three steps: the first level is mountain, 2500-3000 meters or higher altitude; the second level is the mountain basin and hills, 1000-2000 meters above sea level; the third level is the third level; Plain, below 600 meters above sea level.
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